"The Serenader" Jean-Antoine Watteau, 1715
Use the Present Progressive Tense if you're talking about an action happening in the present, temporarily, or in the near future. The Present Progressive Tense is as follows:
Subject Pronoun + Verb "be" in Present Tense + Present Participle.
Example: "I am working now."
Or, in contracted form: "I'm working now."
The spelling of the Present Participle is as follows:
Add "ing" to the Base Form of the verb:
Base Form: "Walk"
Present Participle: "Walking"
If the Base Form ends in "e", drop the "e" before adding "ing".
Examples: "write" changes to "writing". "make" changes to "making."
If the Base Form has one vowel letter + one consonant letter,
double the final consonant letter.
Examples: "mop" changes to "mopping". "cut" changes to "cutting".
If the Base Form is two syllables, and the second syllable is stressed, and it has one vowel letter + one consonant letter, double the final consonant letter. However, if the second syllable is unstressed, don't double the final letter.
Examples: "admit" changes to "admitting". "refer" changes to "referring", "upset" changes to "upsetting". But notice there is no doubling of the final consonant in "opening", "traveling" "visiting".
Exercises: Change the following sentences to Present Progressive. Use the time words suggested. Use contractions when appropriate.
1. Tom goes to work late.
2. I have dinner at 7:00 pm.
3. Steve traveled to India last month.
4. The class begins at 10:30 every morning.
5. The students study very hard.
6. The bus comes on time every day.
7. Jake left for New York a few hours ago.
8. We stay with relatives.
9. Our Aunt Marge visits us often.
10. We watch our favorite TV show every Tuesday.
11. The Wilsons sold their house at a low price.
12. She tried to explain the grammar yesterday.
13. The janitors finished cleaning the corridors.
13. The musicians always perform in San Francisco.
14. The plane stops in Singapore.
15. The banks opens at 10:00 am every morning.
16. The fish swim up the river in the spring.
17. I have trouble paying the rent.
18. It usually rains a lot in the winter.
19. They listen to their CD's regularly.
20. Our baseball team usually wins.
21. The waiters wipe off the tables.
22. The customers waited for the check.
23. They usually fly home for the holidays.
24. Diana plays basketball once a month.
25. Tom runs the marathon every July.
26. We mop our floor regularly.
27. The telephone rings.
28. The leaves begin to fall from the trees.
29. He opens his front door.
30. The baby sleeps.
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